The first sight of the Pyramids emerging from the dusty haze of the desert, is indescribable. Standing before them and gazing up at their mammoth proportions, you can’t help but marvel at the miracle of their geometry and the advanced knowledge of this ancient civilization. How on earth did they do it?
The Pyramids at Dashur and Saqqara are worth a visit to witness the first attempts at pyramid building. The Bent Pyramid in Dashur is believed to be the first true smooth sided pyramid …….that went a bit awry.
Snofru’s Red Pyramid is the world’s first successfully completed pyramid. It is also the third largest pyramid in Egypt – after the pyramids of Khufu and Khafre at Giza. The inside is bare except for an interesting corbelled ceiling. Entry is included in the ticket, but be warned…..you climb in half bent over through a narrow passage and the stench of bat droppings assault your nostrils and burn your eyes.
Djoser’s Stepped Pyramid in Saqqara is considered to be the “earliest large scale cut stone construction”. The pyramid temple nearby, is well preserved with a beautiful, polished stone colonnaded corridor leading into the complex
Khafre’s pyramid in Giza, built – cleverly – on higher ground appears larger but the Great Pyramid of Khufu (or Cheops) truly awe inspiring. My images barely do it justice. The considerably smaller pyramid of Menkaure, understandably takes a back seat.
Consider these facts (compiled from Wikipedia):
The sole remnant of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the oldest structures in existence
It was the tallest building on earth for over 3800 years!
A total of over 2,300,000 blocks of limestone were used in its construction with the average block weighing 2.5 tons
Construction date (Estimated): 2580 B.C..
Construction time (Estimated): 20 years.
Total weight (Estimated): 6.5 million tons.
The four sides align perfectly with the four cardinal points
The base of the pyramid covers 13 acres, and the length of each side was originally 755.9 feet, but is now 745 feet.
Each side has an area of 5 1/2 acres
The original height was 480.6 feet tall, but is now only 455.4 feet.
The majority of the outer casing of polished limestone, was removed about 600 years ago to help build cities and mosques
The ratio of the perimeter to height of 1760/280 cubits equates to 2π (Pi) to an accuracy of better than 0.05% (corresponding to the well-known approximation of π (Pi) as 22/7). Verner wrote, “We can conclude that although the ancient Egyptians could not precisely define the value of π (Pi), in practice they used it”
And these (unproven) theories:
The outside casing stones are cut within 0.01 (1/100th) inch of perfectly straight and at nearly perfect right angles. And they were placed together with an expansion joint of 0.02 inch!
All four sides of the Pyramid are very slightly and evenly bowed in, or concave. This effect, which cannot be detected by looking at the Pyramid from the ground, was discovered around 1940 by a pilot taking aerial photos. As measured by today’s laser instruments, these perfectly cut and intentionally bowed stone blocks duplicate exactly the curvature of the earth!
The north-south axis (31 degrees east of Greenwich) is the longest land meridian, and the east-west axis (30 degrees north) is the longest land parallel on the globe. There is obviously only one place that these longest land-lines of the terrestrial earth can cross, and it is – incredibly – at the Great Pyramid! (Fact – very marginally off @ 29° 59′ N, 31° 09′ E)!
Using existing ratios, calculations of the length of the year is expressed as the present and universally agreed 365.2422 days, accurate to 8 digits. Remember that the actual length of the year when the pyramid was constructed was not the present 365+ days, but 360 days!
The three Pyramids exactly simulate the stars Delta Orionis [Mintaka], Epsilon [Alnilam], and Zeta [Alnitak] that comprise the Orion Belt!
If we take a cross-section through a pyramid we get a triangle. If the pyramid is the Great Pyramid, we get the so-called Egyptian Triangle. It is also called the Triangle of Price, and the Kepler triangle. This triangle is special because it supposedly contains the ‘Golden Ratio‘ (The ratio of the slant height to half the base) considered a near impossible feat. The Great Pyramid is supposed to ‘Square the Circle’ and also contain the ‘Golden Ratio’!!
Astounding to say the least! Our feeling of reverence is justified.